does anyone here know how GREEN PAPAYA SALAD originated, or any history about it? PLEASE HELP A.S.A.P!!?
im writing a report on vietnam and im writing about green papaya salad and i need to know how it originated and i cant find any information on it.. 🙁 help please? 🙂
yumm… i wish i had some right now
Tam bak hoong (Laotian/Isan ตำบักหุ่ง or ตำบักฮุ่ง), better known by its Thai name som tum or som tam (ส้มตำ) is a spicy papaya salad originating from Laos and the Isan region of northeastern Thailand. Bak houng (บักฮุ่ง) is the Lao/Isan word for papaya and tam (ตำ) means ‘pounded.’ The Thai name literally means ‘pounded sour.’ Tam bak hoong is traditionally eaten with glutinous rice (Thai: ข้าวเหนียว) as a meal, as a spicy vegetable accompaniment, or a snack by itself. The dish is served at room temperature, and often paired with pork rinds and raw vegetables and Ping Gai (Thai gay yang’) or roast chicken.
The main ingredient is grated, green papaya. Chili, garlic, lime, fish sauce, brined paddy crabs (ปูเค็ม, bu tem), shrimp paste, and padek are also usually added, while yardlong beans and tomatoes are optional. The ingredients are then pounded in a mortar and pestle to meld the flavours. There are many variations of the dish, some made with carrot or cucumber instead of papaya. As eaten in Laos and Isan, the dish is quite spicy and sour. The Central Thai version tends to be quite mild and sweet in comparison, and often contains crushed peanuts, and less likely to have padaek or bu tem. Dried brine shrimp are also used in this version, commonly referred to as (ส้มตำรามา, som tam rama) whereas the Lao/Isan version is commonly known in Thai as (ส้มตำลาว, som tam Lao).
The dish combines the four main tastes of Lao/Thai cuisine: sour lime, hot chilli, salty fish sauce, and sweetness added by palm sugar.
Numerous other variations exist. Tam bak hoong can also be prepared with other unripe fruits, notably mango, in which case it is known as (Thai: ตำมะม่วง, tam mamuang), cucumber, tam mak teng, or yard long beans, tam mak thua.
The Cambodian equivalent of som tam is bok l’hong. The Khmer version is closer to Som Tam Rama.
Also note that the t in tam (Thai letter ต) is pronounced somewhere between the English letter ‘t’ or ‘d’, like the Vietnamese letter Đ (See Vietnamese alphabet). As romanisation of Thai is inconsistent, although more commonly seen as som tam, the vowel sound in tam is closer to the English u in gut.
The history of Isan has been determined by its geography: situated between Cambodia, Laos and Thailand.
The term “Isan” originally meant “invisible power”, and is derived from the ancient capital of the northern Chenla of Land kingdom, Isanapura, established in 613 AD near modern day Sambor Prey Kuk near Kompong Thom in central Cambodia. The name of the capital was conferred by its Khmer Boran-speaking king Isana Varman I (616-635AD), in dedication to the Hindu god Shiva, to whom he erected a statue following his victory over the kingdom of Funan, to which the kingdom of Chenla had been vassals, in 628.
A blog titled Isan History and Travel started out in 2007 with much promise, but if I’m not mistaken, I don’t believe it has been updated since that same year.
ThailandGateway has a concise overview of Isan.
A very comprehensive history by Char Karnchanapee is carried on a Rutgers University Website here. I’ve noted it elsewhere in my blog. The text format of this history as viewed on the Rutgers Website is dreadfully unwieldy. Consequently, I adapted it into a more friendly .pdf format.
Japanese Help Please?
I need a website that explains Japans technology, not just searching it in on Google and iving it to me or no Wikipedia. A WEBSITE.
History on Tape #42
HuaNgou | June 12, 2009 | 6:42
The 17th century was a good time for Laos, which had an excellent king named Souligna-Vongsa for most of the period (1637-94). When he died one of his nephews gained the throne with the help of the Vietnamese army, and Lan Xang effectively became a Vietnamese satellite. Other members of the royal family refused to submit to Vietnam, and in 1707 they declared themselves independent, establishing two kingdoms named after their capitals, Luang Prabang and Vientiane. The south seceded in 1713, calling itself the kingdom of Champassak. Lan Xang disappeared, and after years of playing a diplomatic game to keep their freedom, all three Laotian states were conquered by Siam (1778).